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History

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Essays on History:

 

The background and causes of the Korean war

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The background and causes of the Korean war - 5.0 out of 5 based on 1 vote

The background and situations that ultimately led to this actual conflict are historically very complex and I can only touch on them briefly because the background from a political viewpoint alone has been the subject of whole books by various authors. The history behind the whole region involving Korea, China, Russia and Japan is a very long one and prior to the Korean conflict there were various other conflicts in the region that paved the way for events to get to the point where this conflict began. This probably goes even further back than the Russo- Japan war of 1905 where these countries vied for control of Korea even then.
As will be obvious when the you see the map later in this assignment the location of Korea itself has much to do with this in terms of geography. Korea is basically a peninsula that juts out from the South East Asian continent and borders China and Russia in the north but has the Sea of Japan to its east with Japan on its eastern doorstep. Much of the history of Korea is riddled with other larger countries vying for its control and occupation. There were many tensions in Korea itself in the lead up to the Korean war and much of this had to do with divisions in terms of political alignment between some of Korea’s leaders and the communist powers China and Russia and the other non-communist countries , particularly the United States and it’s Allies.
In the more immediate lead up and backdrop to the Korean war immediately post World War 2 in 1945 as part of the surrender of Japan the United States and the Soviet Union ( Russia ) essentially agreed to divide the Korean peninsula into two occupation zones. This probably was a compromise to appease both these large superpowers so that neither felt the other could dominate the Korean peninsula.

To what extent was World War II inevitable?

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To what extent was World War II inevitable? - 2.0 out of 5 based on 2 votes

The European conflict that broke out with the German invasion of Poland on 1 September 1939 was linked to the injustice expressed by German dictator Adolf Hitler about the terms of the Treaty of Versailles. Throughout the 1930s Hitler developed Nazi ideology based upon his long-held beliefs of a superior Aryan race as the final victor and ruler of the world. As Hitler defied the League of Nations and the Great European Powers by conquering territory and rearmament, he made World War Two inevitable.
Modern-historians continue to rage about the origins of the war, many arguing it was the failure of the victors of the First World War to find a better peace settlement. The humiliation, harsh reparations, loss of territory, and disarmament helped to sow the seeds of the next war. The rise of Hitler added a degree of inevitability to an outbreak of war as he created a political persona around his declared 'mission’ to rescue the German people from the shame of defeat in the First World War. The Great Depression cast much of Germany into unemployment, poverty, and deep misery; these were desperate times and Germany was willing to listen to anyone. Hitler provided jobs for civilians by ordering the production of heavy industry, armaments and infrastructure. Despite their limitations, in 1938 Germany spent more on weapons than Britain, France and the United States of America combined. The unfair conditions of the Treaty of Versailles and the economic downturn of the Great Depression enabled Hitler to seize upon this resentment and use it against the Great Powers. By 1938, Hitler had managed to harness Germany’s potential and strength to dominate Europe.

Was the Cold War in Europe the direct and logical outcome of the Second World War?

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Was the Cold War in Europe the direct and logical outcome of the Second World War? - 5.0 out of 5 based on 1 vote

In this essay I shall discuss the events that led to the political and economic polarisation of the Soviet Union and United States which became known as the Cold War. I shall look at the subsequent historical debate that has surrounded it in an attempt to decide whether the Cold War was solely borne out of the Second World War and if it was indeed the only outcome for the two super powers.
In May 1945, war in Europe ended with the unconditional surrender of the Germans. Europe had been liberated by the efforts of the Allies, chiefly the United States, the USSR and Britain. However, how the transition from war to peace would develop was unclear as tensions between the Allies were already evident. The 'Grand Alliance’ that existed between the United States, the Soviet Union and Britain during World War II was to rapidly disintegrate after Germany’s defeat.
The intense rivalries and ideological differences of the US and USSR that had been continually building were to lead to another war, but this time it was a war were no arms were drawn or battles fought but one dominated by international relations; the Cold War. These hostilities were fuelled by fear and suspicion on both sides, the Soviets fear of a 'capitalist encirclement’ and the American suspicion of an 'international communist conspiracy’, with each viewing the other as aggressive and intransigent.
To determine if the Cold War was a direct and logical outcome of the Second World War we must examine the evidence of the tensions that were then evident and also those that existed on a larger scale.
Historians have agreed that it is the events of the Second World War that marked this dramatic turning point in the world political system, but there is much debate surrounding the actual origins of the Cold War and it would be foolish to interpret the Second World War as the exclusive cause of the split between the two powers.

Was Germany totally to blame for WWI?

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Was Germany totally to blame for WWI? - 4.0 out of 5 based on 1 vote

World War 1 had been triggered by the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, who was the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne by a man named Gavrilo Princip, a Serbian terrorist who was a citizen of Austria-Hungary. The retaliation by Austria-Hungary towards the Kingdom of Serbia was very serious because it triggered WW1. The assassination created a set of retaliations with a series of alliances that were allies with Austria-Hungary and Serbia. This set off a chain reaction of war declarations. Within a month, much of Europe was in a state of open warfare. Germany did not bare the sole responsibility for WW1 but they did play a big role in the cause of it because of the 'blank cheque’ they gave Austria-Hungary. Germany had a small amount of responsibility more then any other country for the cause of WW1, but they only have this role because of the promise they had with Austria-Hungary. But this role is just like any other countries promise to help their allies if they went to war. But the terrorist Gavrilo Princip was really to blame for WW1 because of his assassination.

The 'blank cheque’ that was given to Austria-Hungary by Germany meant that if anybody attacks Austria-Hungary, they will get help and support from Germany. And since Austria-Hungary had their heir to the throne assassinated by a Serbian terrorist named Gavrilo Princip, Germany gave back-up to Austria-Hungary to attack Serbia. And so, they did. This is because Austria-Hungary figured Serbia was responsible because the terrorist was Serbian. This led Austria-Hungary to declared war on Serbia, which made the allies with Serbia and Austria-Hungary fight because of their alliance treaties. So the 'blank cheque’ was a way of saying that Germany will support Austria-Hungary with their attack on Serbia.

Which nation bears the most responsibility for the outbreak of World War 1?

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Which nation bears the most responsibility for the outbreak of World War 1? - 5.0 out of 5 based on 1 vote

The cause of world war one can be shared out to many different countries in turn; however the main blame can be pointed at Germany. Germany can be seen as the main cause of the war for many reasons, the first of three main reasons being Germany’s rapid growth and hunger for a 'place in the sun’. The second reason, and quite easily the largest, was newly appointed Kaiser Wilhelm II’s decision to sack the German chancellor Otto Von Bismarck. The third reason was the 'blank check’ that was sent to Serbia.
The rapid growth of newly united Germany was one of the main causes of the war as it left the great powers of Europe feeling threatened. In the early days of German unification the great powers saw no reason to believe that Germany was a strong country, however as the country started to expand at such a rapid rate with their military forces, industry and colonial desire growing quickly the powers began to feel that their place was threatened by Germany. When the German Kaiser announced in 1900 that they would be building a large navy in order to protect their growing global interests, the British became concerned as they had long relied on their navy to protect them from Europe in the case of a war. Germany presented itself as a threat to Russia when they failed to renew the Three Emperors League, Germany wished to remain 'honorable’ and as they would evidently side with Austro-Hungary in the case of a war they let the treaty lapse with Russia. This drove Russia into the waiting arms of the French who had long been searching for an ally. Since the announcement of Germany’s plans to build a large navy Britain had also been looking to find an ally they first turned to Germany, as France had long been their natural rival, but when Germany refused their proposal they turned to France who agreed to put aside their differences to form an agreement in order to defeat Germany.

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